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Syllabus and Mark Distribution – Grade 11 – Economics

Course Structure

Part AStatistics for Economics 
2.Collection, Organisation and Presentation of Data
3.Statistical Tools and Interpretation27
Part BPart B: Indian Economic Development
4.Development Experience (1947-90) and13
Economic Reforms since 199112
5.Current Challenges facing Indian Economy15
6.Development Experience of India – A Comparison with Neighbours (OTBA)10
Part CProject Work10


The question paper will include a Section on Open Text Based Assessment (OTBA) of 10 marks from unit-6 of Part-B. From this unit, no other questions will be asked in the theory examination. The OTBA will be asked only during the annual examination to be held in the March 2016. The open text material on the identified unit will be supplied to students in advance. The OTBA is designed to test the analytical and higher order thinking skills of students.

Part A: Statistics for Economics

In this course, you are expected to acquire skills in collection, organisation and presentation of quantitative and qualitative information pertaining to various simple economic aspects systematically. It also intends to provide some basic statistical tools to analyse, and interpret any economic information and draw appropriate inferences. In this process, you are expected to understand the behaviour of various economic data.

Unit 1: Introduction

What is Economics?Meaning, scope and importance of statistics in Economics

Unit 2: Collection, Organisation and Presentation of Data

Collection of data – sources of data – primary and secondary; how basic data is collected; methods of collecting data; some important sources of secondary data: Census of India and National Sample Survey Organisation.Organisation of Data: Meaning and types of variables; Frequency Distribution.Presentation of Data: Tabular Presentation and Diagrammatic Presentation of Data: (i) Geometric forms (bar diagrams and pie diagrams), (ii) Frequency diagrams (histogram, polygon and ogive) and (iii) Arithmetic line graphs (time series graph).

Unit 3: Statistical Tools and Interpretation

Measures of Central Tendency – mean (simple and weighted), median and modeMeasures of Dispersion – absolute dispersion (range, quartile deviation, mean deviation and standard deviation); relative dispersion (co-efficient of quartile-deviation, co-efficient of mean deviation, co-efficient of variation); Lorenz Curve: Meaning and its application.Correlation – meaning, scatter diagram; Measures of correlation – Karl Pearson’s method (two variables ungrouped data) Spearman’s rank correlation.Introduction to Index Numbers – meaning, types – wholesale price index, consumer price index and index of industrial production, uses of index numbers; Inflation and index numbers.

Part B: Indian Economic Development

Unit 4: Development Experience (1947-90) and Economic Reforms since 1991

A brief introduction of the state of Indian economy on the eve of independence. Common goals of Five Year Plans.Main features, problems and policies of agriculture (institutional aspects and new agricultural strategy, etc.), industry (industrial licensing, etc.) and foreign trade.Economic Reforms since 1991:Need and main features – liberalisation, globalisation and privatisation; An appraisal of LPG policies

Unit 5: Current challenges facing Indian Economy

Poverty – absolute and relative; Main programmes for poverty alleviation: A critical assessment;Rural development: Key issues – credit and marketing – role of cooperatives; agricultural diversification; alternative farming – organic farmingHuman Capital Formation: How people become resource; Role of human capital in economic development; Growth of Education Sector in IndiaEmployment: Formal and informal, growth and other issues: Problems and policies.Inflation: Problems and PoliciesInfrastructure: Meaning and Types: Case Studies: Energy and Health: Problems and Policies- A critical assessment;Sustainable Economic Development: Meaning, Effects of Economic Development on Resources and Environment, including global warming.

Unit 6: Development Experience of India

A comparison with neighboursIndia and PakistanIndia and ChinaIssues: growth, population, sectoral development and other developmental indicators.