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Syllabus and Mark Distribution – Grade 12 – Sociology

Course Structure

Indian Society32
1Introducing Indian Society (Non-evaluative)
2Demographic Structure & Indian Society
3Social Institutions-Continuity and change
4Market as a Social Institution
5Pattern of Social Inequality and Exclusion
6Challenges of Cultural Diversity
7Suggestions for Project Work (Non-evaluative)
Change and Development in Indian Society48
8Structural Change
9Cultural Change
10The Story of Democracy
11Change and Development in Rural Society
12Change and Development in Industrial Society
13Globalization and Social Change
14Mass Media and Communications
15Social Movements


Unit 1: Introducing Indian Society
  • Colonialism, Nationalism, Class and Community
Unit 2: Demographic Structure and Indian Society
  • Rural-Urban Linkages and Divisions
Unit 3: Social Institutions: Continuity and Change
  • Family and Kinship
  • The Caste System
Unit 4: Market as a Social Institution
  • Market as a Social Institution
Unit 5: Pattern of Social Inquality and Exclusion
  • Caste Prejudice, Scheduled Castes and Other Backward Classes
  • Marginalization of Tribal Communities
  • The Struggle for Women‟s Equality
  • The Protection of Religious Minorities
  • Caring for the Differently Abled
Unit 6: The Challenges of Cultural Diversity
  • Problems of Communalism, Regionalism, Casteism and Patriarchy
  • Role of the State in a Plural and Unequal Society
  • What We Share
Unit 7: Suggestions for Project Work


Unit 8: Structural Change
  • Colonialism, Industrialization, Urbanization
Unit 9: Cultural Change
  • Modernization, Westernization, Sanskritisation, Secularization
  • Social Reform Movements and Laws
Unit 10: The Story of Democracy
  • The Constitution as an instrument of Social Change
  • Parties, Pressure Groups and Democratic Politics
  • Panchayati Raj and the Challenges of Social Transformation
Unit 11: Change and Development in Rural Society
  • Land Reforms, Green Revolution and Agrarian Society
Unit 12: Change and Development in Industrial Society
  • From Planned Industrialization to Liberalization
  • Changes in the Class Structure
Unit 13: Globalisation and Social ChangeUnit 14: Mass Media and Communication ProcessUnit 15: Social Movements
  • Class-Based Movements: Workers, Peasants
  • Caste-Based Movements: Dalit Movement, Backward Castes, Trends in Upper Caste
  • Responses
  • Women‟s Movements in Independent India
  • Tribal Movements
  • Environmental Movements